The word “dermatology” became recognizable to the English speaking population around 1819. The word developed from the Greek word “dermatos” (skin) and “logy”(the study of). Its meaning is fundamentally the same the world over: the branch of medical science which relates to the skin and its diseases. At present dermatologist have gone beyond treating only skin diseases and have branched out into the cosmetic industry. The medical education that these doctors obtain uniquely qualifies them to asses the skin and determine which cosmetic procedures can securely give the patient the effect they desire. A number of cosmetic procedures a dermatologist may perform are Botulinum Rejuvenation, Chemical peeling, Dermabrasion, Liposuction, Skin Tightening and Laser Hair Removal.

The skin is an forever shifting organ Sainsologi that embodies many specialized cells and formations. As the environment increasingly changes our skin faces a host of hostile elements and dermatologist are increasingly trying to find ways to protect our skin from these components. With the skins ability to gather sensory information from the environment, it plays a functioning role in our immune systems protection from diseases. The skin has 3 main layers, its these layers that the dermatologist analyzes before deciding on any intensive course of action:

1. THE DERMIS – The Dermis includes many specialized cells and configurations. There are also Specific nerve cells called Meissner’s and Vater-Pacini corpuscles that convey the vibrations of touch and pressure.

2. THE EPIDERMIS – The Epidermis is the external layer of skin. The thickness varies in different types of skin. The thickest parts are the soles of the feet and palms of the hands.

3. THE SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE – The Subcutaneous tissue is a stratum of fat and connective tissue that accommodates larger blood vessels and nerves. This layer of skin is the regulator of the body and the skin’s temperature.

The dermatologist will examine the affected area, may take blood samples, tissue samples or skin scrapings. The dermatologist will then analyze the samples using chemical and biological test or examine them under a microscope. Once conditions are diagnosed they are normally treated in a number of ways using various methods such as medications, surgery or radiotherapy.

A career in dermatology will be exceptionally demanding. Dermatologist are considered “physicians of the skin” and must attend medical school after completing a bachelor’s degree. Post internship dermatology students must complete a first-year residency program in general surgery, internal medicine, family practice, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology or emergency medicine. The following 3 years of placement must be in an accredited dermatology residency program. Subsequent to their residencies being completed, dermatologist are qualified to take the certifying examination administered by the American Board of Dermatology (ABD). Every ten years dermatologist must take a re-certification examination. The median salary of a dermatologist is around $193,870 per year. With an aging population, environmental concerns and more people wanting to look younger the choice of a career as a dermatologist is very promising.